Mixed Martial Arts is an unarmed combat style of fighting. Fighters participating in a professional MMA contest can use multiple techniques including grappling, kicking, striking and submission holds. Defensive and attacking techniques from different martial arts disciplines can be used. The participants must expect blows that can inflict injury. Professional competitions are held between two fighters who fulfill the weight and match class requirements. The contests are divided into straw-weight, flyweight, bantamweight, featherweight, lightweight, welterweight, middleweight, light heavyweight, heavyweight and super heavyweight. Each category has its own weight range requirements. The straw-weight participants should be less than 115 pounds while super heavyweight participants can be over the weight of 265 pounds.
A weight allowance of one pound is allowed in non-championship fighting events. A participant must not weigh more than the permitted weight for the category in which he or she is planning to participate. The governing body of UFC championship may allow a contest to go ahead even if there is a difference in weight between the contestants. However, the difference should not be more than 2-3 pounds. The decision is taken after assessing various factors related to the participants. If the Commission managing UFC match believes that the contest will still be fair, competitive and safe, then a few pounds of weight difference may be allowed.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a prominent part of mixed martial arts contests. Its focus is on grappling and ground fighting. It allows even a smaller and weaker contestant to survive a stronger and bigger opponent. The unique techniques of BJJ allow contestants to leverage body mechanics. In place of striking harder, BJJ relies on grappling techniques. The main goal is to survive. Defeating the opponent is secondary. There is less reliance on body strength and speed. Due to these advantages, this martial art discipline is suitable even for individuals who are not as strong as their opponent.
The same techniques can prove useful when participating in an MMA match. Training for BJJ involves agility, strength and cardio conditioning. It is a good self-defense technique that proves useful in mixed martial arts contests. Over the years, various techniques have been developed within Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. There are many training centers that offer classes in mixed martial arts. The students learn wrestling, kickboxing, boxing, grappling and many other techniques. They learn both defensive and offensive techniques. The classes are held in a safe and supportive environment under the guidance of trained and experienced trainers.
Learning different martial arts techniques allows a person to train in cross-functional disciplines. It helps build a high level of strength and stamina. The practices prepare the students to be ready for self-defense at any moment. These training classes are suitable for people of all ages and abilities. Men, women, and kids can join these training classes. They gain knowledge, expertise, and experience in various martial art disciplines, including Judo, Muay-Thai, boxing, kickboxing and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. It helps improve a person’s endurance capacity. Participants learn how to sequence their offensive and defensive actions properly and intelligently. Students of UFC approved classes can participate in local, national and international BJJ tournaments.
There are certain requirements when participants enter the fighting area of a UFC match. The contests are held in a ringed or fenced area that is between 20-30 square feet in size. The floor of the fighting area must be padded. There is clear instruction about the type of padding that can be installed in this area. The platform should not extend above 4 feet off the floor. There are specific rules for the size of the ring ropes and posts. The size, thickness, diameter, and type of materials for every item used in such contests are clearly specified by the UFC Commission.
Training in mixed martial arts is popular even among people who are not interested in professional competitions. Individuals who want to learn self-defense techniques, burn body fat, lose weight or just maintain good fitness take these classes. It allows them to defend themselves if they are attacked physically. The knowledge of self-defense techniques proves useful in adverse situations. It gives a weak person courage and confidence to defend even when the opponent is stronger and bigger. It proves useful in developing focus, discipline and mental strength. Regular training helps boost energy level and release stress. This type of intensive training can help burn almost 1000 calories in an hour. These advantages have made mixed martial arts classes very popular in most parts of the world. Young students who show good fighting skills can even participate in professional contests to win titles and earn money.